Today-March 25 — 11 new national standards of the GOST R 60 complex-robots and robotic devices come into force in our country. They relate to the terms, definitions, performance characteristics, and testing methods of mobile service robots for operating in extreme conditions.
The goal of the GOST R 60 standards is to increase the interoperability (improve interaction) of robots and their components, as well as reduce the cost of their development, production and maintenance by standardizing and unifying processes, interfaces and parameters.
Let's look at some of the new standards in more detail.
GOST R 188.8.131.52-2019 Robots and robotic devices. Mobile robot. Terms and definitions". This document contains terms and definitions used to describe mobility, movement, and other aspects related to mobile robots — wheeled and walking. Among them:
mobile robot – a robot that can move under its own control. It can be a mobile platform with or without manipulators;
walk – a scheme of cyclic movement of the legs when walking;
docking – is the process of approaching and / or connecting to a station, equipment, or other mobile platform to complete a given task.
GOST R 184.108.40.206-2019 "Robots and robotic devices. Testing methods to service mobile robots when working in extreme conditions. Human interaction with the robot when performing search operations. Random mazes on difficult terrain." This standard applies to remote-controlled mobile robots that are comparable to humans in their mass and size parameters. The document sets out the procedure and methods of testing, testing equipment and indicators for quantifying the ability of remote-controlled ground robots to perform search operations in the maze. The main purpose of using robots in emergency rescue operations is to improve the safety and efficiency of the work of emergency services employees, which takes place in dangerous environments and hard-to-reach places. When repeated attempts are made, the robot's test results statistically demonstrate the reliability of its task performance and thus provide the test customer with reliable data on the applicability of this technique.
GOST R 220.127.116.11-2019 "Robots and robotic devices. Mobile service robots. Special safety requirements for battery-powered lawnmower robots." This standard specifies safety requirements for battery-powered electric rotary lawnmower robots. This document discusses the dangers that can occur if these robots are not used for their intended purpose. For example, the design of robotic lawnmowers must provide adequate protection against the risk of injury to people by foreign objects that can be thrown by a rotating cutting tool; it must prevent the possibility of fire or electric shock as a result of improper operation.
GOST R 18.104.22.168-2019 "Robots and robotic devices. Performance characteristics and corresponding test methods are available. mobile robot. Part 1. Movement of wheeled robots". Each robot that performs tasks that are useful for humans or equipment (except for applications for industrial automation) has a set of performance characteristics: rated speed, braking parameters, maximum speed on a slope, movement through a threshold, and so on. This standard specifies the goals, means, procedure, and result of testing each of the parameters that characterize the robot's performance. For example, the goal of the "moving through the threshold" test is to determine the maximum height of an obstacle that the robot can overcome without any damage. The test bench should have two thresholds: short and long. The attempt is considered unsuccessful if the robot could not completely move over the threshold, or if the mobile platform body, except for the wheels, touched the moving surface during the maneuver.