8 national standards in the sphere of firefighting became effective since the 15th of September 2021. All of them came into force for the first time.
Now we will elaborate on some of these documents.
GOST R 59641—2021 «Fire protection means for buildings and structures. Primary fire extinguishing means. Installation, maintenance and repair manual. Performance test methods»
It is well known for all of us that fire extinguishers are dedicated for the struggle with the fire. This standard describes in what place and in a what way they should be installed.
Fire extinguisher is considered to be put into operation after its placing on the object of protection in places stated in an evacuation plan.
They are located in such a way to provide protection from direct sunlight, heat flows, mechanical influences and other adverse factors. Fire extinguishers should be clearly visible and easily accessible in case of the fire and they should not prevent from an evacuation of people during emergencies in accordance with the requirements of this standard.
Placement of fire extinguishers is allowed: on hanger brackets (walls, partitions) at a height of no more than 1.5 m from the floor to the handle of the fire extinguisher; in cabinets of fire cranes in a separate section; on the floor in stands that exclude turnover. The main inscriptions and pictograms showing the procedure of putting into action the fire extinguisher should be clearly visible.
GOST R 59639—2021 «Warning and fire evacuation management systems. Design, installation, maintenance and repairguide. Performance test methods»
Warning and fire evacuation management systems are dedicated for the purposes of informing about the beginning of the fire, necessity of carrying out of an evacuation, evacuation routes and its priority.
This document sets specific requirements while conducting installation works, repairs and technical maintenance of such systems.
The system is considered to pass the operability check if pre-commissioning activities are conducted according to the requirements of this relevant standard and project documentation.
GOST R 56636-2021 «Warning and fire evacuation management systems. Design, installation, maintenance and repairguide. Performance test methods»
Current standard describes the scheme of design, installation, exploitation, technical maintenance, repairs. This document also provides performance test methods for automatic firefighting plants.
Design and installation are carried out in accordance with the task and architectural drawings, requirements of the standard, schemes of engineering systems, technical documentation of the manufacturers.
The following elements are tested: pumping unit; water and foam installations for flow; compressors; hydraulic and pneumatic pipelines; hydropneumatic tanks; control units, shut-off devices; alarm systems; protective grounding and insulation resistance of electrical circuits.